Old Maps

How Downtown evolved through Maps

16th Century

A Proposed Town Plan by the Portuguese

It can be seen that the area of the now Bukit Cina town area was full of vegetation.  Also notice that a canal is running north of the fort which is now parallel to Jalan Temenggong.

The Portuguese also planned to build another fort from Kampung Jawa to the base of Bukit Cina (the hill).


A Portuguese Sketch of the map of Melaka Downtown

This gives us a glimpse of where the future downtown was during the Portuguese occupation of Melaka.  In the bottom sketch, below the fort, you can see the early paths that was to mark the modern Jalan Bunga Raya, Jalan Temenggong, and Lorong Bukit Cina.  You can also see settlements in Banda Kaba.

circa. 1750

An early map of Downtown during the Dutch Period

Leupe Catalogue (NA): Situatie-plan des Kasteels en der Stad Malacca, ter order van de H.H. Vaillant, Ver-Huell en Graevesteyn, Commissarissen-Militair enz.

Notes on reverse: Malakka door Reimer [in pencil]/596 [stamped in bold on a small label] / No. 1.

Apologies for defacing this beautiful map, we wanted to show that the orange line is the old Jalan Bunga Raya, the blue line is a partial Jalan Temenggong, and the red line is the northern Lorong Bukit Cina joining Jalan Bukit Cina.


Published by the British Colonial Office

Notice that within the area of Bukit Cina this exhibition is covering has one main road, Jalan Bunga Raya. At the south end of that road is a spur what is now Jalan Temenggong which ends at Lorong Bukit Cina.  There is also a marked area called Kampung Jawa.


Published by British Straits Settlement Government

By this time, Jalan Kee Ann and Jalan Jawa is added to the infrastructure in Kampung Jawa.  At the bend of Jalan Kee Ann is a structure for a cinema.  See our Cultural Map of the area to view what it is right now.

Along Jalan Bunga Raya is a structure marked a mosque.  This could be the current location of the Madrasah Assayyid Abdul Aziz Makkdan,

Off Jalan Bunga Raya is a lane leading to “The Anglow Theater Hall”.  Could this be the current site of Ibis Hotel?

But, the largest structure marked is the proposed extension of the Melaka railway cutting across Jalan Kee Ann, north of Jalan Jawa, and Jalan Bunga Raya.  If that plan came into fruition, Bukit Cina now could have been developed into a different town.


Published by British Straits Settlement Government

By 1850, we have the first clue that Mill Road was the former name of Jalan Temenggong.  The entire Jalan Bukit Cina and Lorong Bukit Cina was then referred to as Lorong Bukit Cina.  So, besides the word Kampung (or Kampong), Lorong was adopted by the British.

At the junction of Mill Road and Bunga Raya Road is a marker for Market, this is not Little India.

At the east end of Lorong Bukit Cina is a marker for a Police Station.  This site is contested by Encik Mokhtar bin Haji Ali.  At the end of that road on the hill is marked “Old Military Well” which is now considered as Hang Li Po’s Well.


Published by British Straits Settlement Government

By 1936, Bukit Cina area is now further developed into what we recognized today.

The proposed railway line is no longer feasible.

A public market is established in Kampung Jawa where a mall now stands. Newcome Road was Jalan Munshi Abdullah, however only half way up to Jalan Bunga Raya.

Jalan Bendahara was built under the name of Wolferstan Road.  Mill Road is extended into Eagerton Road, combined we now call Jalan Temenggong.


Published by British War Office

At this time, Malaya was at war.  This map was based on air reconnaissance photo and translated on to a map.  The black buildings are strategic.  What we know was that there were no aerial bombings on Melaka.  Thank God! 


Published by Malacca Municipal Office

In 1962, Jalan Munshi Abdullah (formerly Newcome Road) extended to Jalan Bendahara (Wolferstan Road).  However, there is a proposed land marked to extend this road through to the trunk road to the South of the country.

Also note that Lorong Bukit Cina is already divided to Lorong Bukit Cina and Jalan Bukit Cina (Bukit Cina Road).

The Military Well is now the site of a Chinese Temple.  The General Market in Kampung Jawa is now named Municipal General Market


Published by Jabatan Pemetaan Malaysia

By 1980, all the names are Malaysianised to what we recognise to what it is today, except for a couple of roundabouts.

If you have more stories to add, please visit our Cultural Map of Bukit Cina and click on the particular area you want to contribute.