Azyumardi Azra

Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Paper Abstract

Melaka in the Long 15th Century Conference

2-4 AUG 19


Prof. Azyumardi Azra, CBE, is Professor of history & culture, and Special Staff to Indonesian Vice-President Jusuf Kalla since January 2017.

Teaching and Research Interests

Prof. Azyumardi has been an international visiting fellow at the Azhar University in Cairo, Leiden University, Oxford University, University of Philippines, New York University, Columbia University, University of Melbourne, and many others.  He regularly presented papers on various subjects at national and international conferences.

Recent Research Projects

Prof. Azyumardi has published 36 books; numerous chapters in internationally edited books.

Melaka in the 15th Century Conference


The Struggles for Melaka: The Islamic Factor

There is no doubt that Melaka was one of the most important earliest Sultanate (c.1403 -1511) in the Indonesian-Malay Archipelago.  Located in a very strategic location, Melaka became not only a trade center, but in the due course was also a center of the propagation of Islam and later became an important locus of Islamic learning.  Melaka, however, was also a center of struggles that involved not only the Islamic powers the Melaka Sultanate itself and later the Acehnese Sultanate, but also the European powers—the Portuguese and Dutch.  In fact, there were bitter and bloody contestations between the Islamic powers on the one hand, and the Europeans on the other.

This presentation will discuss the rise and fall of the Melaka Sultanate; the role of the Sultanate in Islamic learning and education.  It also will discuss the struggles for power among those who try to control of the Straits area and impacts on the course of Islam.